the 20th of August 1929 the BBC began to broadcast experimentally using John Logie-Baird's
studio and his 30 line system. In 1930 Luigi Pirandello's play 'The Man with the
Flower in his Mouth' became the first simultaneous sound and vision play to be
broadcast by the BBC. John Logie-Baird appeared on the WMCA Radio Station in the
United States on October 18 1931 to discuss a proposal for a joint venture between
his company and WMCA to start a television station, this may have been successful
had it not been for an objection by Radio Pictures Incorporated on the grounds
that Baird's company was not American owned.
will probably be remembered mainly for the development of electro-mechanical television
system, although his achievements are by no means limited to this. His other work
also included a demonstration of 'large'- screen television in 1930 in London's
Coliseum and also in Berlin and Paris. John Logie-Baird also achieved the first
live transmission of the Epsom Derby horse race in 1931.
1930s was the decade when vigourous development of electronic television systems
was undertaken, primarily by Marconi in the U.S. In 1935 the BBC leased the eastern
part of Alexandra Palace (commonly known as 'The Home of Television'), it was
from there that the very first public television transmissions in the UK were
made. In 1936 Alexandra Palace played host to the BBC's technical trials of the
equipment from two competing companies: EMI-Marconi's 'Emitron' electronic system
and the Baird mechanical system. The Marconi-EMI Emitron system was installed
in Studio A, while Baird's mechanical system based on the 'Nipkow disc' system
was in Studio B. After evaluation of both systems, it was decided that the BBC
would opt for the Marconi-EMI Emitron camera system in preference to Baird's 205
line mechanical 'Nipkow disc' system.
Thus, the BBC adopted The EMI-Marconi 405 line system for its transmissions.November
2 1936 saw the official inauguration of the World's first regular high-definition
television service from Alexandra Palace in London. One of the very first presenters
was Elizabeth Cowell who would introduce the new television service with the words
"This is direct television from Alexandra Palace". Alexandra Palace
was used as the main centre for BBC transmissions until 1956, after which it was
used for the news service only. However, the BBC did produce programming for the
Open University at Alexandra Palace until 1981.
Alexandra Palace in North London is located between Muswell Hill and Wood Green,
it originally opened as 'The People's Palace' in 1873 - sixteen days later it
was destroyed by fire. On May 1 1875, and a little under two years, the newly
re-built Alexandra Palace opened.
BBC used an ouside-broadcast van for the first time on May 12 1937 for the coronation
of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. The BBC closed its television service on
September 1 1939 for the duration of the Second World War, it re-commenced on
June 7 1946.
At around the time the BBC in the UK was closing down in 1939 'for the duration',
in the United States it was a different story with many new stations starting
to broadcast. Many U.S. television 'firsts' were acheived at this time, for example
on June 1 1939 the first televised heavy-weight boxing match was held at New York's
Yankee Stadium between Max Baer and Lou Nova. Another 'first' was the Major League
baseball game between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field,
Brooklyn on August 26 1939, this was broadcast on W2XBS.
very first television recordings in the world were made by Baird, not long after
his first demonstrations of television; these recordings are on wax discs and
are still in existence to this day. Before his death in 1946 John Logie Baird
was planning television systems which would use 1000 lines and 1700 lines respectively;
he was over 40 years ahead of anyone else though, as it was not until 1990 that
the Japanese introduced a system using 1125 lines.